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Food insecurity in Denmark: socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables

Research output: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

Standard

Food insecurity in Denmark : socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables. / Lund, Thomas Bøker; Holm, Lotte; Tetens, Inge; Smed, Sinne; Nielsen, Annemette L.

In: European Journal of Public Health, 03.09.2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

Harvard

Lund, TB, Holm, L, Tetens, I, Smed, S & Nielsen, AL 2017, 'Food insecurity in Denmark: socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables' European Journal of Public Health. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx121

APA

Lund, T. B., Holm, L., Tetens, I., Smed, S., & Nielsen, A. L. (2017). Food insecurity in Denmark: socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables. European Journal of Public Health. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx121

Vancouver

Lund TB, Holm L, Tetens I, Smed S, Nielsen AL. Food insecurity in Denmark: socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables. European Journal of Public Health. 2017 Sep 3. Available from, DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx121

Author

Lund, Thomas Bøker ; Holm, Lotte ; Tetens, Inge ; Smed, Sinne ; Nielsen, Annemette L./ Food insecurity in Denmark : socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2017

Bibtex

@article{ec5757ecd3674304b1d0476b9c69e751,
title = "Food insecurity in Denmark: socio-demographic determinants and associations with eating- and health-related variables",
abstract = "Background: Food insecurity and its consequences have not received much attention in the Nordic, social-democratic welfare states. This study reports the prevalence of low and very low food security in Denmark, identifies its socio-demographic determinants and examines its associations with eating-related and health-related outcomes.Methods: A cross-sectional survey with a mixed-mode response format (telephone interviewing or Internet). A disproportional stratified random sampling design was employed (N = 1877). Main measure was the 6-item gradient food security construct adapted from the US.Results: Prevalence of low and very low food security was 6.0% (95% CI:5.4–8.5%) and 2.4% (95% CI:1.3–3.3%), respectively. Prevalence was highest in households with disposable income below OECD’s poverty threshold, households receiving benefits or disability pensions, and single-parent households. After socio-demographic adjustment, adults from low/very low food secure households had a higher probability of eating an unhealthy diet (women: adj.RR 2.82 P < 0.001; men: adj.RR 2.15 P < 0.01). Adults from low/very low food secure households had lower life satisfaction (women: adj.RR 0.49, P < 0.05; men: adj.RR 0.09 P < 0.001) and higher risk of psychological distress (women: adj.RR 2.42 P < 0.05; men: adj.RR 8.95 P < 0.001). Obesity was more prevalent in low/very low food secure women (RR 2.44 P < 0.05), but not after socio-demographic adjustment.Conclusion: Food insecurity in Denmark is associated with adverse factors such as unhealthy diet, obesity, life satisfaction, and psychological distress. It is important to widen food insecurity research to non-liberal welfare states since low/very low food security is negatively associated with unhealthy eating and other health indicators, even in a social-democratic welfare state.",
author = "Lund, {Thomas Bøker} and Lotte Holm and Inge Tetens and Sinne Smed and Nielsen, {Annemette L.}",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 282",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/ckx121",
journal = "European Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1101-1262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Food insecurity in Denmark

T2 - European Journal of Public Health

AU - Lund,Thomas Bøker

AU - Holm,Lotte

AU - Tetens,Inge

AU - Smed,Sinne

AU - Nielsen,Annemette L.

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 282

PY - 2017/9/3

Y1 - 2017/9/3

N2 - Background: Food insecurity and its consequences have not received much attention in the Nordic, social-democratic welfare states. This study reports the prevalence of low and very low food security in Denmark, identifies its socio-demographic determinants and examines its associations with eating-related and health-related outcomes.Methods: A cross-sectional survey with a mixed-mode response format (telephone interviewing or Internet). A disproportional stratified random sampling design was employed (N = 1877). Main measure was the 6-item gradient food security construct adapted from the US.Results: Prevalence of low and very low food security was 6.0% (95% CI:5.4–8.5%) and 2.4% (95% CI:1.3–3.3%), respectively. Prevalence was highest in households with disposable income below OECD’s poverty threshold, households receiving benefits or disability pensions, and single-parent households. After socio-demographic adjustment, adults from low/very low food secure households had a higher probability of eating an unhealthy diet (women: adj.RR 2.82 P < 0.001; men: adj.RR 2.15 P < 0.01). Adults from low/very low food secure households had lower life satisfaction (women: adj.RR 0.49, P < 0.05; men: adj.RR 0.09 P < 0.001) and higher risk of psychological distress (women: adj.RR 2.42 P < 0.05; men: adj.RR 8.95 P < 0.001). Obesity was more prevalent in low/very low food secure women (RR 2.44 P < 0.05), but not after socio-demographic adjustment.Conclusion: Food insecurity in Denmark is associated with adverse factors such as unhealthy diet, obesity, life satisfaction, and psychological distress. It is important to widen food insecurity research to non-liberal welfare states since low/very low food security is negatively associated with unhealthy eating and other health indicators, even in a social-democratic welfare state.

AB - Background: Food insecurity and its consequences have not received much attention in the Nordic, social-democratic welfare states. This study reports the prevalence of low and very low food security in Denmark, identifies its socio-demographic determinants and examines its associations with eating-related and health-related outcomes.Methods: A cross-sectional survey with a mixed-mode response format (telephone interviewing or Internet). A disproportional stratified random sampling design was employed (N = 1877). Main measure was the 6-item gradient food security construct adapted from the US.Results: Prevalence of low and very low food security was 6.0% (95% CI:5.4–8.5%) and 2.4% (95% CI:1.3–3.3%), respectively. Prevalence was highest in households with disposable income below OECD’s poverty threshold, households receiving benefits or disability pensions, and single-parent households. After socio-demographic adjustment, adults from low/very low food secure households had a higher probability of eating an unhealthy diet (women: adj.RR 2.82 P < 0.001; men: adj.RR 2.15 P < 0.01). Adults from low/very low food secure households had lower life satisfaction (women: adj.RR 0.49, P < 0.05; men: adj.RR 0.09 P < 0.001) and higher risk of psychological distress (women: adj.RR 2.42 P < 0.05; men: adj.RR 8.95 P < 0.001). Obesity was more prevalent in low/very low food secure women (RR 2.44 P < 0.05), but not after socio-demographic adjustment.Conclusion: Food insecurity in Denmark is associated with adverse factors such as unhealthy diet, obesity, life satisfaction, and psychological distress. It is important to widen food insecurity research to non-liberal welfare states since low/very low food security is negatively associated with unhealthy eating and other health indicators, even in a social-democratic welfare state.

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckx121

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckx121

M3 - Journal article

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

ER -

ID: 182887495