Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns? Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns? Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas. / Poudeyal, Mukti Ram; Pyakurel, Dipesh; Rana, Santosh K.; Meilby, Henrik; Paneru, Yagya R.; Ghimire, Suresh K.

In: Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Vol. 22, 100292, 2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Poudeyal, MR, Pyakurel, D, Rana, SK, Meilby, H, Paneru, YR & Ghimire, SK 2021, 'Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns? Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas', Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, vol. 22, 100292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100292

APA

Poudeyal, M. R., Pyakurel, D., Rana, S. K., Meilby, H., Paneru, Y. R., & Ghimire, S. K. (2021). Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns? Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 22, [100292]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100292

Vancouver

Poudeyal MR, Pyakurel D, Rana SK, Meilby H, Paneru YR, Ghimire SK. Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns? Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 2021;22. 100292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100292

Author

Poudeyal, Mukti Ram ; Pyakurel, Dipesh ; Rana, Santosh K. ; Meilby, Henrik ; Paneru, Yagya R. ; Ghimire, Suresh K. / Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns? Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas. In: Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 2021 ; Vol. 22.

Bibtex

@article{a4f4eed1666446fc824c42a2fab7bc99,
title = "Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns?: Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas",
abstract = "Despite the widespread use and trade of the highly valued Himalayan medicinal plant, Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora, there is still inadequate information on its distribution and on the environmental factors that define suitable habitats. Such information is needed to identify suitable areas for sustainable resource extraction. We hypothesize that there is a discrepancy between the geographical distribution of trade and climatically suitable areas and suggest that this could lead to a risk of local depletion of the species, which could seriously affect rural livelihoods. To address this hypothesis, we conducted species distribution modeling of N. scrophulariiflora using Maximum Entropy with ten environmental variables and 63 species occurrence records (after rarefaction) from Nepal and related the resulting distribution model to trade assessment statistics from 12 fiscal years (2004–2016). The predicted area of suitable habitat in Nepal was estimated at 11,617 km2, and highly suitable areas were located in a narrow elevational range (4000–4400 m), with a predicted area of 386 km2 (0.3 {\%}). Suitable and highly suitable areas were mostly located in the eastern mountains, probably due to mild temperatures and adequate precipitation around the peak of the plants’ growing season. Available official trade records indicated that Nepal exported only 372 tons of N. scrophulariiflora rhizomes in 2004–2016 (average: 31 tons/annum), mostly from the western mountains where predicted habitats were classified as less suitable. Discordant geographical patterns of habitat suitability, extraction from habitats of low suitability, and increasing trade indicate that the current resource exploitation is likely to be unsustainable. We suggest formulating management strategies for locations with heavy collection and trade, conducting cultivation trials in suitable patches, and identifying sustainable annual harvest limits.",
author = "Poudeyal, {Mukti Ram} and Dipesh Pyakurel and Rana, {Santosh K.} and Henrik Meilby and Paneru, {Yagya R.} and Ghimire, {Suresh K.}",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100292",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants",
issn = "2214-7861",
publisher = "Elsevier GmbH",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does resource availability coincide with exploitation patterns?

T2 - Inference from distribution and trade of Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) D.Y. Hong in the Nepalese Himalayas

AU - Poudeyal, Mukti Ram

AU - Pyakurel, Dipesh

AU - Rana, Santosh K.

AU - Meilby, Henrik

AU - Paneru, Yagya R.

AU - Ghimire, Suresh K.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Despite the widespread use and trade of the highly valued Himalayan medicinal plant, Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora, there is still inadequate information on its distribution and on the environmental factors that define suitable habitats. Such information is needed to identify suitable areas for sustainable resource extraction. We hypothesize that there is a discrepancy between the geographical distribution of trade and climatically suitable areas and suggest that this could lead to a risk of local depletion of the species, which could seriously affect rural livelihoods. To address this hypothesis, we conducted species distribution modeling of N. scrophulariiflora using Maximum Entropy with ten environmental variables and 63 species occurrence records (after rarefaction) from Nepal and related the resulting distribution model to trade assessment statistics from 12 fiscal years (2004–2016). The predicted area of suitable habitat in Nepal was estimated at 11,617 km2, and highly suitable areas were located in a narrow elevational range (4000–4400 m), with a predicted area of 386 km2 (0.3 %). Suitable and highly suitable areas were mostly located in the eastern mountains, probably due to mild temperatures and adequate precipitation around the peak of the plants’ growing season. Available official trade records indicated that Nepal exported only 372 tons of N. scrophulariiflora rhizomes in 2004–2016 (average: 31 tons/annum), mostly from the western mountains where predicted habitats were classified as less suitable. Discordant geographical patterns of habitat suitability, extraction from habitats of low suitability, and increasing trade indicate that the current resource exploitation is likely to be unsustainable. We suggest formulating management strategies for locations with heavy collection and trade, conducting cultivation trials in suitable patches, and identifying sustainable annual harvest limits.

AB - Despite the widespread use and trade of the highly valued Himalayan medicinal plant, Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora, there is still inadequate information on its distribution and on the environmental factors that define suitable habitats. Such information is needed to identify suitable areas for sustainable resource extraction. We hypothesize that there is a discrepancy between the geographical distribution of trade and climatically suitable areas and suggest that this could lead to a risk of local depletion of the species, which could seriously affect rural livelihoods. To address this hypothesis, we conducted species distribution modeling of N. scrophulariiflora using Maximum Entropy with ten environmental variables and 63 species occurrence records (after rarefaction) from Nepal and related the resulting distribution model to trade assessment statistics from 12 fiscal years (2004–2016). The predicted area of suitable habitat in Nepal was estimated at 11,617 km2, and highly suitable areas were located in a narrow elevational range (4000–4400 m), with a predicted area of 386 km2 (0.3 %). Suitable and highly suitable areas were mostly located in the eastern mountains, probably due to mild temperatures and adequate precipitation around the peak of the plants’ growing season. Available official trade records indicated that Nepal exported only 372 tons of N. scrophulariiflora rhizomes in 2004–2016 (average: 31 tons/annum), mostly from the western mountains where predicted habitats were classified as less suitable. Discordant geographical patterns of habitat suitability, extraction from habitats of low suitability, and increasing trade indicate that the current resource exploitation is likely to be unsustainable. We suggest formulating management strategies for locations with heavy collection and trade, conducting cultivation trials in suitable patches, and identifying sustainable annual harvest limits.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100292

DO - 10.1016/j.jarmap.2021.100292

M3 - Journal article

VL - 22

JO - Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

JF - Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

SN - 2214-7861

M1 - 100292

ER -

ID: 256979936