Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth. / Keane, Aidan; Lund, Jens Friis; Bluwstein, Jevgeniy; Burgess, Neil D.; Nielsen, Martin Reinhardt; Homewood, Katherine.

In: Nature Sustainability, Vol. 3, 2020, p. 226–233.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Keane, A, Lund, JF, Bluwstein, J, Burgess, ND, Nielsen, MR & Homewood, K 2020, 'Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth', Nature Sustainability, vol. 3, pp. 226–233. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0

APA

Keane, A., Lund, J. F., Bluwstein, J., Burgess, N. D., Nielsen, M. R., & Homewood, K. (2020). Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth. Nature Sustainability, 3, 226–233. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0

Vancouver

Keane A, Lund JF, Bluwstein J, Burgess ND, Nielsen MR, Homewood K. Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth. Nature Sustainability. 2020;3:226–233. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0

Author

Keane, Aidan ; Lund, Jens Friis ; Bluwstein, Jevgeniy ; Burgess, Neil D. ; Nielsen, Martin Reinhardt ; Homewood, Katherine. / Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth. In: Nature Sustainability. 2020 ; Vol. 3. pp. 226–233.

Bibtex

@article{c2d69f74c42a4e13af32ed725e46d275,
title = "Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth",
abstract = "Large-scale area-based conservation measures affect millions of people globally. Understanding their social impacts is necessary to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences. However, quantifying the impacts of conservation measures that affect large geographic areas and diverse peoples is expensive and methodologically challenging, particularly because such evaluations should capture locally defined conceptions of well-being while permitting policy-relevant comparisons. Here, we measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative. We use a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling. We find that from 2007 to 2015 the impacts of WMAs on wealth were small and variable, with no clear evidence of widespread poverty reduction. Accompanying qualitative data suggest that apparently positive effects in one WMA cannot be directly attributed to WMA activities. Our results suggest that current WMA policy needs to be revisited if it is to promote positive local development.",
author = "Aidan Keane and Lund, {Jens Friis} and Jevgeniy Bluwstein and Burgess, {Neil D.} and Nielsen, {Martin Reinhardt} and Katherine Homewood",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "226–233",
journal = "Nature Sustainability",
issn = "2398-9629",
publisher = "Nature Research",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas on household wealth

AU - Keane, Aidan

AU - Lund, Jens Friis

AU - Bluwstein, Jevgeniy

AU - Burgess, Neil D.

AU - Nielsen, Martin Reinhardt

AU - Homewood, Katherine

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Large-scale area-based conservation measures affect millions of people globally. Understanding their social impacts is necessary to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences. However, quantifying the impacts of conservation measures that affect large geographic areas and diverse peoples is expensive and methodologically challenging, particularly because such evaluations should capture locally defined conceptions of well-being while permitting policy-relevant comparisons. Here, we measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative. We use a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling. We find that from 2007 to 2015 the impacts of WMAs on wealth were small and variable, with no clear evidence of widespread poverty reduction. Accompanying qualitative data suggest that apparently positive effects in one WMA cannot be directly attributed to WMA activities. Our results suggest that current WMA policy needs to be revisited if it is to promote positive local development.

AB - Large-scale area-based conservation measures affect millions of people globally. Understanding their social impacts is necessary to improve effectiveness and minimize negative consequences. However, quantifying the impacts of conservation measures that affect large geographic areas and diverse peoples is expensive and methodologically challenging, particularly because such evaluations should capture locally defined conceptions of well-being while permitting policy-relevant comparisons. Here, we measure the impact of Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs), a national community-based conservation and poverty reduction initiative. We use a novel, cost-effective impact evaluation method based on participatory wealth ranking and Bayesian multilevel modelling. We find that from 2007 to 2015 the impacts of WMAs on wealth were small and variable, with no clear evidence of widespread poverty reduction. Accompanying qualitative data suggest that apparently positive effects in one WMA cannot be directly attributed to WMA activities. Our results suggest that current WMA policy needs to be revisited if it is to promote positive local development.

U2 - 10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0

DO - 10.1038/s41893-019-0458-0

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85077153010

VL - 3

SP - 226

EP - 233

JO - Nature Sustainability

JF - Nature Sustainability

SN - 2398-9629

ER -

ID: 234015013