Compensation Mechanisms and Local Acceptance of Wind Energy Projects - A Qualitative Case Study
Marie Leer Jørgensen
Three Danish compensation schemes were introduced in the 2008 Renewable Energy Act to address local opposition to wind energy projects in Denmark. The three schemes are 1) the property value-loss scheme, 2) the co-ownership scheme and 3) the green scheme. The three schemes provide compensation to hosting communities and local citizens with the purpose to redress imbalances in distribution of benefits and burdens and this way promote local acceptance. Based on a qualitative case study of three onshore wind projects and the application of the schemes in this context, the dissertation explores the success of compensation schemes in achieving the intended aim from local citizens’ perspective. The analysis provides valuable insight into a plethora of concerns, which roughly can be grouped as 1) inappropriateness, 2) unfairness in distribution and size, 3) mistrust and unfairness procedures. The key conclusion asserts that the three schemes, whether regarded separately or together, do not succeed in promoting perceptions of distributive fairness and local acceptance of the siting of wind projects. Yet, compensation mechanisms may have the potential to promote reconciliation with the situation or local acceptance ex post to some local citizens in the institutional context of today, under certain circumstances. The study provides new knowledge on the effect of the three Danish schemes in real life, and contributes to an understanding of compensation mechanisms, including opportunities and pitfalls for the use of compensation mechanisms as policy tools.
Helle Tegner Anker, Professor, Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO), University of Copenhagen
Jesper Lassen, Professor MSO, Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO), University of Copenhagen (Deceased)
Chair: Christian Gamborg, Associate Professor, Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO), University of Copenhagen
Maria Pettersson, Professor, Luleå University of Technology
Claire Haggett, Senior lecturer, University of Edinburgh
Where can I get a copy of the thesis?If you are interested in a full copy of the thesis, please contact the PhD student or the supervisors.
Can I participate in the defence?PhD defences are open, and you do not have to register to participate.
I cannot be there on time. Can I sneak in?No. When the doors close they will not be opened again until after the defence is finished.
You cannot leave early either unless there is an emergency.
Can I take pictures or record the defence?It is not allowed to take pictues or record the defence without prior agreement with the PhD student and supervisors.
Will there be a reception?There is usually a reception after a defence. We kindly ask you to contact the PhD student if you want to know the location of the reception.