Context-dependent cheating: experimental evidence from 16 countries

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • David Pascual‐Ezama
  • Fosgaard, Toke Reinholt
  • Juan-Camilo Cardenas
  • Praveen Kujal
  • Robert F. Veszteg
  • Beatriz Gil-Gómez de Liaño
  • Brian Gunia
  • Doris Weichselbaumer
  • Katharina Hilken
  • Armenak Antinyan
  • Joyce Delnoij
  • Antonios Proestakis
  • Michael D. Tira
  • Yulius Pratomo
  • Tarek Jaber-López
  • Pablo Brañas-Garza
Policy makers use several international indices that characterize countries according to the quality of their institutions. However, no effort has been made to study how the honesty of citizens varies across countries. This paper explores the honesty among citizens across 16 countries with 1440 participants. We employ a very simple task where participants face a trade-off between the joy of eating a fine chocolate and the disutility of having a threatened self-concept because of lying. Despite the incentives to cheat, we find that individuals are mostly honest. Further, international indices that are indicative of institutional honesty are completely uncorrelated with citizens’ honesty for our sample countries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Pages (from-to)379–386
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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