Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups: Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms

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Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups : Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms. / Gimenez-Fernandez, Elena M.; Sandulli, Francesco D.; Bogers, Marcel.

In: Research Policy, 30.06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gimenez-Fernandez, EM, Sandulli, FD & Bogers, M 2020, 'Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups: Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms', Research Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2020.104049

APA

Gimenez-Fernandez, E. M., Sandulli, F. D., & Bogers, M. (2020). Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups: Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms. Research Policy, [104049]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2020.104049

Vancouver

Gimenez-Fernandez EM, Sandulli FD, Bogers M. Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups: Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms. Research Policy. 2020 Jun 30. 104049. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2020.104049

Author

Gimenez-Fernandez, Elena M. ; Sandulli, Francesco D. ; Bogers, Marcel. / Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups : Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms. In: Research Policy. 2020.

Bibtex

@article{e4f4db2c2f4744da852a5f5a3df394d5,
title = "Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups: Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms",
abstract = "New ventures face both liabilities of newness and smallness, which may inhibit their innovation efforts and output. However, existing research has not clearly distinguished between the two liabilities, leaving it unclear how certain determinants differentially affect innovation performance in start-ups relative to older established small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, in this study we investigate the impact of R&D investments, external knowledge sourcing and public R&D subsidies on innovation effectiveness in new versus older small firms. Employing panel data from the Spanish Community Innovation Survey (CIS), we show that R&D investments have a lower contribution to the innovation performance of new ventures, compared to older small firms. In contrast, we find that external knowledge sourcing makes a higher contribution to the innovation performance of new compared to older small firms, but only in high-tech settings. However, we find no support for a differentiating effect of R&D subsidies in new versus established small firms. Effectively, our results highlight the limited effects of internal R&D investments and R&D policy instruments to promote the growth of innovative start-ups, while highlighting potential benefits of their openness to external sources of innovation. As such, these results have important implications for research, practices and policies that relate to innovation in new ventures and SMEs, while casting doubts on the effectiveness of some of the common strategy and policy instruments to stimulate performance in small innovative start-ups.",
keywords = "Entrepreneurship, External Knowledge Sourcing, Open innovation, Public policy, R&D resources, Smes, Spillovers",
author = "Gimenez-Fernandez, {Elena M.} and Sandulli, {Francesco D.} and Marcel Bogers",
year = "2020",
month = "6",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.respol.2020.104049",
language = "English",
journal = "Research Policy",
issn = "0048-7333",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unpacking liabilities of newness and smallness in innovative start-ups

T2 - Investigating the differences in innovation performance between new and older small firms

AU - Gimenez-Fernandez, Elena M.

AU - Sandulli, Francesco D.

AU - Bogers, Marcel

PY - 2020/6/30

Y1 - 2020/6/30

N2 - New ventures face both liabilities of newness and smallness, which may inhibit their innovation efforts and output. However, existing research has not clearly distinguished between the two liabilities, leaving it unclear how certain determinants differentially affect innovation performance in start-ups relative to older established small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, in this study we investigate the impact of R&D investments, external knowledge sourcing and public R&D subsidies on innovation effectiveness in new versus older small firms. Employing panel data from the Spanish Community Innovation Survey (CIS), we show that R&D investments have a lower contribution to the innovation performance of new ventures, compared to older small firms. In contrast, we find that external knowledge sourcing makes a higher contribution to the innovation performance of new compared to older small firms, but only in high-tech settings. However, we find no support for a differentiating effect of R&D subsidies in new versus established small firms. Effectively, our results highlight the limited effects of internal R&D investments and R&D policy instruments to promote the growth of innovative start-ups, while highlighting potential benefits of their openness to external sources of innovation. As such, these results have important implications for research, practices and policies that relate to innovation in new ventures and SMEs, while casting doubts on the effectiveness of some of the common strategy and policy instruments to stimulate performance in small innovative start-ups.

AB - New ventures face both liabilities of newness and smallness, which may inhibit their innovation efforts and output. However, existing research has not clearly distinguished between the two liabilities, leaving it unclear how certain determinants differentially affect innovation performance in start-ups relative to older established small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, in this study we investigate the impact of R&D investments, external knowledge sourcing and public R&D subsidies on innovation effectiveness in new versus older small firms. Employing panel data from the Spanish Community Innovation Survey (CIS), we show that R&D investments have a lower contribution to the innovation performance of new ventures, compared to older small firms. In contrast, we find that external knowledge sourcing makes a higher contribution to the innovation performance of new compared to older small firms, but only in high-tech settings. However, we find no support for a differentiating effect of R&D subsidies in new versus established small firms. Effectively, our results highlight the limited effects of internal R&D investments and R&D policy instruments to promote the growth of innovative start-ups, while highlighting potential benefits of their openness to external sources of innovation. As such, these results have important implications for research, practices and policies that relate to innovation in new ventures and SMEs, while casting doubts on the effectiveness of some of the common strategy and policy instruments to stimulate performance in small innovative start-ups.

KW - Entrepreneurship

KW - External Knowledge Sourcing

KW - Open innovation

KW - Public policy

KW - R&D resources

KW - Smes

KW - Spillovers

U2 - 10.1016/j.respol.2020.104049

DO - 10.1016/j.respol.2020.104049

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85087183287

JO - Research Policy

JF - Research Policy

SN - 0048-7333

M1 - 104049

ER -

ID: 244956675