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Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain

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Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain. / Agyei, Frank Kwaku; Hansen, Christian Pilegaard; Acheampong, Emmanuel .

I: Energy for Sustainable Development, Bind 47, 2018, s. 62-74.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Agyei, FK, Hansen, CP & Acheampong, E 2018, 'Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain', Energy for Sustainable Development, bind 47, s. 62-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2018.09.002

APA

Agyei, F. K., Hansen, C. P., & Acheampong, E. (2018). Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain. Energy for Sustainable Development, 47, 62-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2018.09.002

Vancouver

Agyei FK, Hansen CP, Acheampong E. Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain. Energy for Sustainable Development. 2018;47:62-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2018.09.002

Author

Agyei, Frank Kwaku ; Hansen, Christian Pilegaard ; Acheampong, Emmanuel . / Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain. I: Energy for Sustainable Development. 2018 ; Bind 47. s. 62-74.

Bibtex

@article{b2782972b4414820b5f7b44e34088e7e,
title = "Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain",
abstract = "Are lucrative charcoal markets in Africa reducing poverty for people in the trade? In spite of its economic significance, the extent to which charcoal income reduces poverty is debatable. This article applies commodity-chain analysis to Ghana's charcoal commodity chain to describe the characteristics of actors, and to quantify and explain the profits reaped by the different actors in the chain. We estimate that profits of US$66 million are generated annually. The distribution is highly skewed between and within actor groups, with 22{\%} of profits reaped by merchants, who make up only 3{\%} of the actors in the market. The majority of producers and retailers, by far the largest groups in the sector generate incomes below the national minimum wage. Women dominate the market in terms of number of persons involved. Women and men earn equal incomes at all levels of the market except at the production level, where men reap higher profits than women. People from several ethnic groups engage in the market, but members of the Sissala and Asante ethnic groups are the most frequently encountered ones throughout the chain. Improving equity along the charcoal chain will require breaking the interlocking credit-labor arrangement that enables merchants to have control over charcoal prices, and improving producers' access to urban markets. The paper makes policy recommendations in this regard.",
keywords = "Gender, Inequality, Market access, Poverty reduction, West Africa",
author = "Agyei, {Frank Kwaku} and Hansen, {Christian Pilegaard} and Emmanuel Acheampong",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.esd.2018.09.002",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "62--74",
journal = "Energy for Sustainable Development",
issn = "0973-0826",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Profit and profit distribution along Ghana's charcoal commodity chain

AU - Agyei, Frank Kwaku

AU - Hansen, Christian Pilegaard

AU - Acheampong, Emmanuel

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Are lucrative charcoal markets in Africa reducing poverty for people in the trade? In spite of its economic significance, the extent to which charcoal income reduces poverty is debatable. This article applies commodity-chain analysis to Ghana's charcoal commodity chain to describe the characteristics of actors, and to quantify and explain the profits reaped by the different actors in the chain. We estimate that profits of US$66 million are generated annually. The distribution is highly skewed between and within actor groups, with 22% of profits reaped by merchants, who make up only 3% of the actors in the market. The majority of producers and retailers, by far the largest groups in the sector generate incomes below the national minimum wage. Women dominate the market in terms of number of persons involved. Women and men earn equal incomes at all levels of the market except at the production level, where men reap higher profits than women. People from several ethnic groups engage in the market, but members of the Sissala and Asante ethnic groups are the most frequently encountered ones throughout the chain. Improving equity along the charcoal chain will require breaking the interlocking credit-labor arrangement that enables merchants to have control over charcoal prices, and improving producers' access to urban markets. The paper makes policy recommendations in this regard.

AB - Are lucrative charcoal markets in Africa reducing poverty for people in the trade? In spite of its economic significance, the extent to which charcoal income reduces poverty is debatable. This article applies commodity-chain analysis to Ghana's charcoal commodity chain to describe the characteristics of actors, and to quantify and explain the profits reaped by the different actors in the chain. We estimate that profits of US$66 million are generated annually. The distribution is highly skewed between and within actor groups, with 22% of profits reaped by merchants, who make up only 3% of the actors in the market. The majority of producers and retailers, by far the largest groups in the sector generate incomes below the national minimum wage. Women dominate the market in terms of number of persons involved. Women and men earn equal incomes at all levels of the market except at the production level, where men reap higher profits than women. People from several ethnic groups engage in the market, but members of the Sissala and Asante ethnic groups are the most frequently encountered ones throughout the chain. Improving equity along the charcoal chain will require breaking the interlocking credit-labor arrangement that enables merchants to have control over charcoal prices, and improving producers' access to urban markets. The paper makes policy recommendations in this regard.

KW - Gender

KW - Inequality

KW - Market access

KW - Poverty reduction

KW - West Africa

U2 - 10.1016/j.esd.2018.09.002

DO - 10.1016/j.esd.2018.09.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 47

SP - 62

EP - 74

JO - Energy for Sustainable Development

T2 - Energy for Sustainable Development

JF - Energy for Sustainable Development

SN - 0973-0826

ER -

ID: 208681345