G × E interactions on yield and quality in Coffea arabica: new F1 hybrids outperform American cultivars

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Lison Marie
  • Cécile Abdallah
  • Claudine Campa
  • Philippe Courtel
  • Mélanie Bordeaux
  • Luciano Navarini
  • Valentina Lonzarich
  • Bosselmann, Aske Skovmand
  • Turreira Garcia, Nerea
  • Edgardo Alpizar
  • Frédéric Georget
  • Jean Christophe Breitler
  • Hervé Etienne
  • Benoît Bertrand

Conventional American cultivars of coffee are no longer adapted to global warming. Finding highly productive and stable cultivars in different environments without neglecting quality characteristics has become a priority for breeders. In this study, new Arabica F1 hybrids clones were compared to conventional American varieties in seven contrasting environments, for yield, rust incidence and volume of the canopy. The quality was assessed through size, weight of 100 beans, biochemical analysis (24 aroma precursors and 31 volatiles compounds) and sensory analysis. Conventional varieties were the least productive, producing 50% less than the best hybrid. The AMMI model analysis pointed out five hybrids as the most stable and productive. Two F1 hybrids clones, H1-Centroamericano and H16-Mundo Maya, were superior to the most planted American cultivar in Latin and Central America showing a high yield performance and stability performance. H1-Centroamerica and Starmaya contain more d-limonene than Caturra, while Starmaya contain more 3-methylbutanoic acid than the control. Those two latter volatiles compounds are linked with good cup quality in previous studies. In terms of sensory analysis, Starmaya and H1-Centroamericano scored better than control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
Issue number5
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • American cultivars, Coffea arabica, F1 Hybrids, Quality, Stability, Yield

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